Armenia is an ancient country whose brave-hearted kings crossed swords with the rulers of Assyria, Persia, Roman and Byzantine Empires. Greek historians called this country “Armenia” about 3,000 years ago.
The year of 2003 marked the 4,110th anniversary of the Armenian statehood. Armenia has passed a difficult and an interesting pathway of cultural development throughout millenniums and is now considered as one of the fastest developing countries on the post-soviet territory. Not only can you enjoy the unique ancient historical monuments and the inexhaustible treasury of the Armenian art when visiting Armenia, but you can also establish good working contacts and make use of the opportunities offered by an emerging market.
Official Name: Republic of Armenia (Hayastani Hanrapetutyun)
Territory: 29.74 thousand square meters
Large Cities: , Vanadzor
Administrative Division: 11 regions (including the capital Yerevan, which has a status of a region as well)
Geographic Location: Georgia – in the north, Azerbaijan – in the west, Iran – in the south, Nakhijevan (Azerbaijan) in the south-west, Turkey – in the west.
Average Height Above Sea Level: 1800m.
Highest Mountain Peak: Mount Aragats (4090m)
Population: 3210 thousand (2001)
Ethnicities: 96% Armenians. National minorities: Russians, Yezidis, Kurds, Ukrainians, Jews and others.
State Language: Armenian
The invention of the Armenian alphabet in 405 by St. Mesrop Mashtots seems to be a landmark in the millennial history of the Armenian people that resulted in a powerful cultural bang.
Religion: Majority practices Christianity.
In 301 Armenia adopted Christianity, thus becoming the first country in the world to proclaim it as a state religion. For comparison, Christianity was legalized in the Roman Empire in 313 by the Edict of Milan.
Churches and Religious Center:St. Echmiadzin – cathedral of the Armenian Apostolic Church and Residence of the All Armenian Catholicos (Patriarch)
Armenian Independence Day: September 21, 1991
National Flag – a tricolor with horizontal lines of red, navy and orange evenly distributed from top to bottom. Red symbolizes Armenian Highlands, Armenians’ incessant struggle for survival, Christian faith, liberty and independence. Navy symbolizes the aspiration of the Armenian nation to live under the peaceful sky. Orange symbolizes the talent for creative work and diligence of the Armenian people.
National Emblem– Mount Ararat together with Noah’s Arc and the emblem of four kingdoms of historical Armenia are illustrated in the center - on the shield: the Bagratunies are on the top left, the Arshakunies are on the top right, the Artashesians are on the bottom left, the Rubinyans are on the bottom right. The shield is supported by an eagle (on the left) and by a lion (on the right), and there is a sword, a branch, a sheaf of ears, a chain and a ribbon illustrated under the shield. The emblem colors symbolize the colors of the Armenian flag.
National Anthem: The current anthem - “Mer Hayrenik/Our Motherland” - is based on that of the Armenian Republic in 1918-1920. Michael Nalbandyan is the author of lyrics.
National Currency: The dram/AMD/ is the monetary unit of Armenia. It is subdivided into 100 luma. The word "dram" translates into English as "money", and is cognate with the Greek drachma. The Central Bank of Armenia has the exclusive right of issuing the national currency according to Armenian Law. The dram came into effect on 22 November 1993. Banknotes currently in circulation – 500, 1000, 5000, 10 000, 20 000, 50 000 dram.
Foreign currency can be exchanged in any branch of a bank.
USD, EUR, GBP, RUB can be exchanged in any exchange office.
CUSTOMS RULES: For the import and export from the country of the foreign currency there is no limits, only the customs declaration must be filled out (it must be saved until the departure). The amount more than 10 000 dollars USD (or equal in other currency) must be transferred through the bank. Import and export of the native (local) currency is forbid. It is allowed to import the things of personal use, and goods and other things with the total cost equal to the no more than 500 dollars USD without custom payments. The import of the alcoholic drinks - up to 2 liters and also tobacco goods - up to 50 packs without customs duty is allowed. For all imported goods and things, which total amount is more than the mentioned above, must be paid the custom duty. Import and export of all kind of antic goods, including the jewels, coins, manuscripts and other art works, without allowance of the correspondent departments is forbid. The transit of the narcotic, poison and explosive substances, arms and ammunitions (excluding hunter’s arms, which must have permission of MIA RA) is forbid.
Visa Application Guidelines: The entry to Republic of Armenia realizes on the visa base, given out by Ministry of Foreign Affaires of RA, and on the frontier and in the airports - by corresponding departments of Ministry of inner affaires of RA, or by the order, fixed by international agreements.
There are two ways to get a visa for entry into Armenia:e-Visa and conventional Visa.
Buses and taxi-vans/marshrutka/ with fixed routes function in Yerevan and among the towns. In Yerevan fee is 100 AMD (around 0,32 $). They run from early morning until late at night.
You can also order taxis.
Getting to/from Airport
Bus: N201 from airport to the center of Yerevan (Opera House) runs 7:30am-6:00pm every 20minutes, fare is 150 AMD (around 0,50 $)
Minibus: N107 from airport goes to Barekamutyun Metro (also know as Druzhba) and N108 goes to the railway station. Both run every 20min from 8:00am to 8:00pm; fare is 200 AMD (around 0,65 US$)
Taxi: From airport to the centrе is fare 5000 AMD (around 16 $), from centrе to the airport
is fare 3500 AMD (around 12 $).
Health Services: No risk for health. No need for vaccination
Working Hours: The government offices and NGOs work every day, from 9:00 a.m. till 18:00 p.m., except for Saturdays and Sundays.
Fairs and markets are open every day.
Supermarkets are open every day from 9:00 am till 10:00 p.m. Some of them are open round-the-clock.
Stores are usually open from 9:00 am till 7:00 p.m. or from 10:00 a.m. till 10:00 p.m.
Holidays, Days of Commemoration and Celebrations
January 1 - New Year
January - 28 Army Day
March 8 - Woman’s Day
April 7 - Day of Maternity and Beauty
April 24 - Genocide Victims’ Commemoration Day
May 1 - Labour Day
May 9 - Victory and Peace Day
May 28 - First Republic Day
June 1 - Children's Rights Protection Day
July 5 - Constitution Day
September 21 - Independence Day
October - Yerevan Foundation Day
December 7 - Earthquake Victim’s Commemoration Day
In autumn, 2008, the 2790th anniversary of the foundation of Yerevan will be celebrated.
January 6 - Christmas
April 12 - Easter
July 19 - Transfiguration of Christ Day
August 16 - Assumption Day
September 13 - Exaltation Day